Trisilanolphenyl-POSS nano-hybrid poly(biphenyl dianhydride- p -phenylenediamine) polyimide composite films: miscibility and structure-property relationship
» Autor: Yan Zhang
» Referencia: 10.1007/s10965-018-1537-z
» Fecha Publicación: 13/05/2018
A partially condensed polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) compound, trisilanolphenyl-POSS (TSP-POSS) was prepared via a modified two-step procedure with phenyltrichlorosilane as the starting material. The solubility of the TSP-POSS in polyimide (PI) solvents, including N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) was first evaluated. TSP-POSS could be dissolved in the test solvents with a solid concentration higher than 50 wt% and the obtained solution was stable both at room temperatures and in refrigerator at -18 °C for more than 1 month. TSP-POSS was then physically blended with a poly(amic acid) (PAA) obtained from 3,3?,4,4?-biphenyltetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (BPDA) and para-phenylenediamine (PDA) with various adding proportions of 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 wt% (TSP-POSS in total solids). The obtained clear and homogeneous PAA/TSP-POSS solution was then thermally imidized at elevated temperatures to afford six PI/TSP-POSS composite films (PI-BP-0~PI-BP-25). For comparison, analogous composite films were prepared by blending TSP-POSS with another PI matrix, poly(pyromellitic anhydride-oxydianiline) (PIPMDA-ODA) at the same hybrid proportion (PI-0~PI-25). TSP-POSS exhibited quite different miscibility with these two PI matrixes. All of the composite films based on PIPMDA-ODA and TSP-POSS showed homogeneous nature and the films were optically transparent even at the high POSS loading of 25 wt%; however, the PIBPDA-PDA analogues showed poor compatibility with the POSS additive when the adding proportion was over 10 wt%. PI-BP-20 and PI-BP-25 films were thoroughly opaque with the haze values of 100%. In addition, the residual weight ratio of the composite films at 760 °C in nitrogen increased from 62.0 wt% (PI-BP-0) to 74.1 wt% (PI-BP-25).